Gastric bypass diet is given actually to those people who have gone through gastric bypass surgery and now gradually they are recovering from it. On that note you have to talk to your dietician who will prepare the guidelines to maintain, when you are taking food. In gastric bypass diet, a dietician directs you what to eat and in how much amount you can eat. If you maintain gastric diet, it will help you to decrease your weight in a gradual process.
The purpose of Gastric Diet
There are several purposes for which gastric diet is suggested to a person by the dietician. Some of them are stated below:
- You can help to heal the staple line of the surgery by not eating much amount of food which will give less pressure to your stomach.
- You will eat the amount of food which you can digest quite easily in the small stomach so that you can be safe from any kind of digestion problem.
- It also helps you to lose weight and at the same time it stops the chances of gaining extra weight.
- You can avoid various kinds of complications and side effects caused by a surgery.
Your diet chart is recommended according to the weight loss surgery done to you. It can be different for different kinds of surgery. Generally it is seen that Gastric bypass diet goes through four stages by which you become able to eat solid food in a gradual process. For going to the next phase or stage quickly, your body has to be adjustable with the new diet patterns.
After having a weight loss surgery, a person must be extremely conscious about the diet planning. He or she should take food very carefully. It is necessary for them to understand that they are hungry or not. Actually after a surgery, there remains always a chance to have some digestion problems.
Step 1: Diet Depending on Liquids:
After a gastric bypass surgery, in the beginning you will not be allowed to eat any kind of foods for first two or three days. At this time your stomach begins to heal. After that you still have to be in the hospital but you will be allowed to eat liquid foods. Some of the foods which you may take in step 1 are:
- Gelatin which is sugar free
- Juice in which sweet is not added
- Cream soups
During the first phase you should drink slowly. You can drink 59 to 89 milliliters of liquid per day. However, he or she must not eat and drink one after another. A gap of at least 30 minutes must be given between the two things.
Step 2: Foods Which is Pureed:
After taking liquid foods for some days in the beginning you can opt for mashed up or pureed foods. You can choose the foods in the foods which you can mix easily with the liquids. The foods which you may take in this stage are:
- White parts of Egg.
- Vegetables and fruits which are soft
What you have to do is that you have to blend these foods with suitable liquids like:
- Gravy which is free from fat
- Juice without sugar
- Milk which is free from fat.
It must be kept in mind that the digestive system is gradually coming into its normal condition. So your stomach will still be extremely sensitive and for this it is necessary not take any food which is spicy.
Step 3: After the completion of second phase you have to go through third step.
This time you can add some solid foods in your diet chart. However you have to keep in mind that even that solid food must be soft and easily you can digest them. Some of the foods which you can take in this phase are:
- Meat which is diced
- Soft and fresh fruits
- Boiled vegetables.
This phase 3 goes for eight weeks. You have to continue to eat these soft foods which you can digest easily. Thus you can make your stomach ready to take normal solid foods when your doctor or dietician instructs you to do so.
Step 4: Solid foods
Step 4 is the last phase when you will be able to take solid foods or normal diet. However, it can still be risky for you to eat crunchy or spicy foods.
Therefore, it is better for you to eat general daily foods and you have to see what kind of food you can eat and digest. There are some of the foods which you need to avoid even in this stage like:
- Seeds and nuts
- Vegetables which have fibers like cabbage, broccoli, corn, celery etc.
- Hard meat
Well, within four months you can possibly get back in your normal diet. However, you need to be conscious about eating different foods even in this stage. There are some regular foods even, which can be difficult for you to digest initially but as the time goes your stomach becomes ready to digest them.
What to maintain in all the phases?
Vitamins and minerals are extremely necessary elements and you should take care of the fact that you are taking foods of such kind. You can maintain some other things also like:
- You can take small meals number of times a day.
- You should take liquid foods with that also.
- In the beginning you can eat six times in a day. As the day progresses and you start digesting better, you can take foods four times a day.
- You should take foods in the amount your doctor or dieticians have suggested you.
- You should not take so much food that you feel that you are not feeling hungry at all. When you eat foods in this time your stomach remains unable to take all the necessary elements like minerals and vitamins. Therefore, you need to take vitamin supplements daily throughout the remaining part of his life. Therefore, you need to consult with your doctor about what kind of multi-vitamin you can take.
- You should drink liquids in between the meals as if you take liquid with meal you can face vomiting, nausea and stomach pain. Even if, it does not happen, you will feel full as you have drink much so you will not be able to eat the sufficient amount of food.
- It is necessary to take food slowly. There is a disease called dumping syndrome which is caused by quick eating. If you take foods too quickly, it will cause dizziness, vomiting, nausea and lastly it can cause diarrhea. You may take 30 – 45 minutes to take your food. You should chew the foods very well. It will not allow large blocks of foods to enter your stomach. If the large blocks of food enter your stomach, it will not be able to go to the intestine as the large blocks will not be able to go through the small gap between stomach and intestine. It can cause various problems. You can feel pain in your abdomen. You can also feel vomiting and nausea.
- It is better to take high protein diet after surgery. If you eat high protein food, it will help to heal the wounds quickly by growing skin and new mussels. You can take pork, fish, or chicken but it must be well sliced and well boiled so that you can digest them easily. Cottage cheese or the cheese which contains less fat can also be taken as a protein source of food.
Benefits of Gastric Diet
Gastric diet can be extremely beneficial for your body. You will lose your extra weight.
You will slowly but surely recover yourself from the initial effects of surgery and you can start enjoying your life completely again. However, it must be kept in mind that even after surgery, if unhealthy foods are taken, it can cause various problems.
Some of the Risks of Gastric Diet
It is extremely necessary to maintain the diet chart when you are maintaining gastric bypass diet. If you do not do it properly it can cause various problems and complications. If you take foods quickly, it can cause dumping syndrome in which you will feel full with foods. You will not feel hungry. It can cause some other problems also like:
- Diarrhea: If you take too much food or spicy foods, those will not be digested and it can cause diarrhea.
- Dehydration: – As it is not recommended to take liquids with solid food at this time, you can feel dehydrated sometimes.
- Nausea: if you eat more than you are suggested by your dietician, you can face this problem. You should also chew the foods properly to avoid this problem.
- Constipation: If you eat large blocks of foods, it will not go through the small gap between the stomach and the intestine and it can cause constipation.
- Weight gain: If you start taking unhealthy foods after surgery, you tend to gain your lost weight again for you.
In case of any such problems, you can take to your doctor and dietician. You should be cautious about your food habits to come back in your normal life quickly.